Archive for the ‘Sanctions’ Category

HARARE – Zanu ( PF ) is currently abusing the
government with adverts in newspapers and on
the state radio attacking the so -called sanctions
and people in the country who do no ascribe to
their views , the United States Ambassador to
Zimbabwe Charles Ray said .
Since the launch of the so -called anti -sanctions
campaign, Zanu ( PF ) has been running full
length adverts in the state media with a
government insignia .
” It is very disappointing to see full page ads
from the Zanu ( PF ) Information Department
under the heading ‘Government of Zimbabwe’
and adorned with the great Zimbabwean coat of
arms . Zanu ( PF ) is a political party , which does
not speak for the government of this great
country . Additionally , Zanu ( PF ) , which is part of
the government, has its own symbol that is
quite distinct from the Zimbabwean coat of
arms , ” said Ray .
The former ruling party last week formed an
anti -sanctions committee that is chaired by Vice
President John Nkomo. However , other
members in the Inclusive Government have
distanced themselves from the sham describing
it as a Zanu ( PF ) project .
Acting President Nkomo said in a statement that
thousands of people who were forced to attend
the anti -sanctions launch demonstrated that
they were against sanctions .
” This exceptional support was an emphatic
statement to Britain, the European Union ,
America and to all those interests which have
slapped sanctions against the people of
Zimbabwe,” said Nkomo.
In reality there are no sanctions on the people
of Zimbabwe, but rather targeted measures on
a few individuals . USA, America and Britain in
particular have played a significant role in
extending aid to the people of Zimbabwe.
Many people in both rural and urban
communities have benefited significantly from
USAID and other western donors . Yet Zanu ( PF )
says that sanctions are ” an attack on all
Zimbabweans. “
The United States dispelled the anti -sanctions
rhetoric as unfounded.
Said Ray , ” the ZANU-PF Information
Department is using misinformation and
completely unrelated facts to mislead the
public . The facts are:
1. For more than ten years , Zimbabwe has been
ineligible to receive any type of international
loan , regardless of U . S . and EU opinions, due to
its leaders ‘ failure to make payments on its
debt . Zimbabwe ‘s unpaid debts to the African
Development Bank , IMF , and World Bank put a
stop to lending long before there were
sanctions .
2. Zimbabwe’s current political and economic
environment , including fresh threats from the
President on his birthday to take over
established companies , has a chilling effect on
new investment , both domestic and
international. Banks and other businesses are
responsible to their share holders , and find it
increasingly difficult to justify investing in such a
high risk environment . Only economic
and political sanity will change this .
3. Fewer than 120 Zimbabweans are named on
the legal U . S . sanctions list , almost all of them
Zanu ( PF ) leaders who had a hand in political
violence against their fellow citizens. They may
not travel to the U . S . or do business with U . S .
companies because Americans do not want
them to enjoy the fruits of their corruption on
our soil . This does not hurt other
Zimbabweans. What hurts the rest of the
country is the corruption , mismanagement , and
lack of social investment that has brought
development to a standstill.
The former ruling party has exclusive control of
the state media and abuses it to attack
Mugabe’ s political rivals .

Written by Munyaradzi Dube
Tuesday , 08 March 2011 17 : 41

After hours of waiting in the baking sun and
then rain thousands watched as generals ,
church leaders and other top figures queued up
to sign the document .
The rest of us must wait our turn, which will
come in the form of a door -to -door campaign
in which Zanu -PF militants will arrive at our
homes and ask us to sign a petition to the
European Union and the United States to end
sanctions against President Robert Mugabe and
his circle .
” Conscious of illegal and unilateral sanctions
imposed by the West on my country Zimbabwe,
I therefore do hereby append my signature to
register my protest at the said illegal sanctions
and to demand an immediate end to this form
of aggression against my country and my
people,” reads the petition . Below this , we must
write down our names , give our ID numbers ,
state where we live , and sign .
The Movement for Democratic Change calls it a
” Zanu -PF violence petition ” , but Zanu -PF insists
it is the document that will put an end to all our
troubles . At the ” anti -sanctions ” rally on
Wednesday , Mugabe’ s strategy to get the world
to take notice of his new crusade was carried by
the young men who stood behind us . ” Hit list :
Old Mutual , Rio Tinto , Standard Chartered ,
Barclays and many more,” a poster screamed.
By threatening foreign businesses, he hopes to
make the world more amenable .
Mugabe once said the measures against his
ruling elite were a pinprick that would not worry
him. But a frenzied propaganda campaign in
recent weeks has tried to convince
Zimbabweans that all the country ‘s economic
woes are the result of sanctions .
Among the Zanu- PF rank and file, it is taken as
gospel . At the weekend , at a district Zanu -PF
meeting in Mbare to organise Wednesday ‘ s rally ,
the district chairperson , Onesimo Gore, blamed
potholes on sanctions . A youth leader rose to
say if it wasn’ t for sanctions , he would have a
job .
Campaign of intimidation
Few believe this . But even fewer will refuse to
sign the petition when the youths come
knocking . There is little doubt this is the start of
a new campaign of intimidation .
Zanu -PF sees it as some sort of pledge of
allegiance to Mugabe . He has ordered that two
million people must sign the petition , which will
be handed to Western governments as proof
that Zimbabweans are on his side . The road to
the two million signatures began on Wednesday ,
as crowds gathered at dawn at an open ground
on the outskirts of Harare .
Many were supporters, but many others had
been forced to attend , with their markets shut
down by militants and some of them force-
marched to the venue . On one side a group
that has recently been at the sharp end of Zanu-
PF attacks jostled for space , hoping to make
sure the powerful people on the podium saw
their huge banner: ” Nigerian community says
‘NO ‘ to sanctions !”
Mugabe warned again that he would target
foreign businesses if the West did not lift the
punitive economic measures. He mentioned
foreign banks and mines , which he claims are
conspiring to steal mineral earnings. The West
depends on Zimbabwe in many ways, he said ,
and ” we are ready to hit back” . ” We have been
sending our beef to them and they say it ‘s the
tastiest beef they ‘ve ever had , ” he told the rally .
” Our tea goes into the blend they call Lipton and
they call it English tea . “
Zanu -PF ‘ s campaign has entailed hour -long TV
news bulletins dedicated to convincing
Zimbabweans that the economic crisis of the
past decade is the result of sanctions , not Zanu –
PF misrule . The West is blamed for everything,
from the poor drug supply in hospitals to the
run-down stadiums . Zanu -PF says America’ s
Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery
Act, enacted in 2001, has destroyed the
But the US embassy in Harare pointed out this
week that the US had provided more than $ 1 ,4 –
billion in aid to Zimbabwe since 2001 . In the
five years after the US applied targeted
sanctions in 2003 trade between Zimbabwe and
the US doubled and Zimbabwe currently runs a
trade surplus . The EU and US measures include
travel bans and asset freezes on more than 100
Zanu -PF figures and an arms embargo .
However , no asset freezes have been
confirmed . Some argue the list of targeted
companies includes corporations and banks in
which government has only minority shares and
other state-owned enterprises that provide basic
services .
Recently , one of the country ‘ s largest internet
service providers , ZOL , said the sanctions were
more general than Mugabe’ s critics let on . ” Any
business will tell you that sanctions are hurting
all businesses in Zimbabwe and therefore all
citizens. They [ the sanctions ] raise the cost of
supplies since some companies simply refuse to
deal with us, whether or not we are on the
[ sanctions ] list ,” ZOL said .
” PayPal, an online payment [ service ] provider , is
a perfect example . It has banned anyone in
Zimbabwe from using its system on that basis ,”
said ZOL .

JASON MOYO Mar 04 2011 15 : 17

Zanu PF has been dispatching its anti – sanctions
campaign messages via the information
superhighway through mobile phones, as the
former ruling party steps up its campaign ahead
of general elections expected later this year .
Ironically , the former ruling party protested
after MDC-T courted mobile phone service
provider Econet Wireless to broadcast its
campaign messages, and threatened to cancel
its operating licence in the heat of the
presidential election run -off campaign in June
One of the messages sent to NetOne subscribers
read : “ The time has come for every
Zimbabwean to sign the petition or dial 0044
7893227001 for the removal of illegal sanctions
imposed by the European Union and the United
States of America. ”
However , observers view the latest move as an
infringement on people’ s privacy as the party
did not seek NetOne subscribers ’ consent before
dispatching its campaign messages.
NetOne is a quasi – parastatal formed after the
unbundling of Posts and Telecommunications
Corporation ( PTC) in the late 1990 s.
It is hard to see how SMS could easily be
brought within the regulatory ambit without
resorting to heavy-handed censorship . Also ,
SMSs , like email , can easily be “ spoofed” .
This means that messages can be sent from
masked or fake addresses ( as with email
“ spam ”), making the regulator ’ s task even more
Although the use of cellphones in political
campaigning or broadcasting in Zimbabwe is
not yet well developed , the potential is obvious.
MDC-T spokesperson Nelson Chamisa , who is
also Information and Communication
Technology minister , said Zanu PF was violating
people’ s rights by sending them unsolicitated
He said it was ironic that Zanu PF cried foul
when his party sent messages to people who
had voluntarily
subscribed to get information .
All telecommunications companies are licensed
by the Postal and Telecommunications
Regulatory Authority of Zimbabwe ( Potraz) , a
creation of an Act of Parliament .
Potraz director- general Charles Sibanda
yesterday said his organisation had no mandate
to meddle in party politics but would act
whenever they received reports of network
abuse .
“ If there is an abuse of network , where for
example , people get threatening messages or
unsolicitated messages, we act . But our
mandate has nothing to do with politics . ”
Nathaniel Manheru , believed to be Presidential
spokesperson George Charamba, said in 2008 in
his weekly column:
“ The next polls will be fought on the waves,
which is why Econet, and its card- carrying
owner, Strive Masiyiwa , are so critical to the
“ We wait for a new propaganda service , which
MDC-T seeks to unveil on June 14 , using
Masiyiwa ’ s network , through a toll -free facility .
Thank God cellular licences are up for renewal
and government has to deal with all manner of
mischief . ”
Said Chamisa on : “ Surely what is good for the
goose should be good for the gander . But what
Zanu PF is doing borders on offensive behaviour
because there has to be subscriber consent or
recipient agreement , which is basically what we
were doing. ”
Chamisa said the norm in the civilised world was
that “ you do not send messages to people
without their consent ” .
Zanu PF , which held its conference in December
last year , has stepped up its campaign ahead of
the next elections expected later this year .
The party ’ s main trump cards are the sanctions
imposed against its senior officials by the West
and indigenisation and economic
Zanu PF spokesman Rugare Gumbo could not
be reached for comment. In December last
year , Gumbo , however , said he was not aware
of who was behind the pro -Zanu PF mobile
phone messages, although he said “ they are
good messages” .
Cellular telephones are potentially an important
medium for electoral communication , for two
reasons: ownership and access to cellular
phones far outstrips access to landlines .
This disparity is especially apparent in
Zimbabwe, but it is a general phenomenon .
Cellphones have potential as a “ broadcasting ”
medium that is not comparable to traditional
landlines .
Whereas the landline could be used for voice
calls and transmitting documents, the cellphone
could send and receive text messages, audio
and video files .
So far this has focused on the use of text or
short messages ( SMSs ) . There are two well –
documented examples from the Philippines.
In 2001 President Joseph Estrada was forced to
resign after a popular campaign against him
orchestrated by SMS .
Then , in the 2004 presidential elections , SMS
was a very popular campaigning tool for the
main candidates .

OWEN GAGARE | HARARE – Mar 06 2011
18 : 56

Harare , Zimbabwe (CNN) — Washington has
ruled out lifting sanctions on Zimbabwean
President Robert Mugabe and his inner circle
until the regime shows a greater respect for
human rights, said a U . S . official visiting the
southern African nation Friday .
Susan Page, the deputy assistant secretary for
African affairs , said the United States was
concerned by the recent rise in ” political
violence , wanton intimidation of the public , and
partisan arrests and prosecutions . “
She applauded Mugabe ‘s statement last week
calling for an end to the violence but questioned
whether that message was filtering down to his
security forces.
” We hope President Mugabe, as head of state
and commander in chief of the armed forces,
also conveys that message to the police and
security services, ” Page said. ” The credibility of
that statement , however , ultimately will be
reflected in if or how it is honoured . “
Page said if Mugabe’ s party wants to play a
constructive role, ” it must reject the use of
violence and fear in its operations. “
Mugabe ‘s critics accuse the longtime ruler of
using violent means to hush his political
opponents, who are part of a unity government
that Mugabe wants ended .
In recent days , police in Zimbabwe have
arrested dozens of political activists, students
and trade union members for allegedly plotting
an Egyptian-style uprising . Defense attorneys
have reported torture of the detainees .
U . S . State Department Spokesman P . J . Crowley
said the activists were charged with treason and
urged Mugabe’ s government to uphold
international human rights laws and ensure due
process for those arrested.
The United States and the European Union
imposed targeted sanctions on Mugabe in 2002.
Mugabe blames those sanctions for his
country ‘ s woes — which late last year included a
90 % unemployment and an inflation rate of
231, 000,000% – – and threatened to seize all
Western -owned investments in the country
unless sanctions were lifted .
Mugabe has held power since Zimbabwe
became independent in 1980 . In 2009 , he
formed a coalition government with challenger
Morgan Tsvangirai, who was named prime
minister .
But last December , Mugabe announced he was
tired of working with the opposition party ,
which he said ” lacked ideology and policies ” and
called for an election this year .
Tsvangirai , however , has threatened to boycott
the poll if a referendum on a new constitution is
not held .

By the CNN Wire Staff
March 4 , 2011 — Updated 1855 GMT ( 0255

If there is something that has been nagging at
Zimbabwe’ s politics for the past decade , it is the
issue of sanctions , and yesterday , ZANU PF
whose business has been declared to be the
protection of the country ’ s sovereignty and
independence , unleashed its campaign
machinery tow -ards mobilising against the
sanctions . It is an issue that has dogged the
inclusive government since its inception in
February 2009 . The MDC party formation led by
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai has insisted
the sanctions are mere “ restrictions ” , but Dep-
uty Prime Minister Arthur Mutambara , the
former leader of another MDC formation, has
loudly condemned the sanctions , which the
West argue are targeted against President
Robert Mugabe and members of his inner circle .
“ There is no economic sanctions regime in this
country , there are restrictive measures,” Prime
Minister Tsvangirai told a public accountability
seminar orga – nised by the Media Institute of
Southern Africa ( MISA ) and the Centre for
Public Accountability ( CPA ) last year , adding:
“ We have agreed as principals to tackle the issue
of restrictive measures as this isolation has
affected the lines of credit . ”
But President Mugabe and his ZANU PF party
insist that the sanctions are not targeted but
were rather put in place to accelerate Zimba –
bwe ’ s economic collapse in order to undermine
his government under what ZANU-PF describes
as “ the regime change agenda” .
ZANU-PF began mobilising support for two
million signatures to accompany a petition
against the sanctions by the EU and the US
government yesterday at an event where
President Mugabe was the chief guest. Prime
Minister Tsvangirai and Deputy Prime Minister
Mutambara had been invited to the occasion,
but reports indicate that they snubbed the
event .
In a campaign advertisement, ZANU-PF
highlighted that Article 1 V of the global political
agreement ( GPA ) , the instrument that facilitated
the creation of the inclusive government, had
bound all three political parties in the inclusive
government to fight “ illegal sanctions impo- sed
on the Zimbabwean people by the United
Kingdom , the Europ- ean Union , United States of
Ame- rica and international financial institutions
like the IMF and the World Bank ” .
“ This article of the GPA attests to the direct
connection between these illegal sanctions and
the decline in the Zimbabwean economy; the
non-availability of lines of credit to Zimbabwe;
the negative international perception of
Zimbabwe; and the fall in the standards of living
of the Zimbabwean people, ” read the ZANU-PF
campaign banner .
“ Sanctions do kill! Sign against them , act against
them !” charged ZANU- PF .
Recently , business has come out in support of
measures to withdraw the sanctions , arguing
these had become an unbearable cost to
business and the economy .
It is indeed true that sanctions have been a
factor in Zimbabwe’ s economic de- cline that
ended with formation of the inclusive
government in 2009 , but they were certainly not
the major reason for the sharp decline. With the
economic crisis emerged a sharp decline in
living standards .
For many years , and as most economists and
economic journalists will confirm , the critical
economic story was government’ s budget
deficits which were largely accrued to finance
recurrent expenditure .
There was very little for capital projects , key to
the development of an economy and job
creation .
An economic adjustment programme backed by
the IMF in the early 1990 s had only worsened
the situation . Its intentions had been noble:
There was need for belt tightening as well as
austere measures by government to grow the
economy . But government panicked at the first
signs of upheaval; austere measures meant the
erosion of so -called social safety nets , and free
health care for the poor . As a result, these
reforms were abandoned , and government
argued they had been inappropriate for the
domestic economy.
But the decline in the economy became gradual;
rising commodity prices stoked spontaneous
protects in Harare ’ s urban areas after bread
prices went up in 1998.
Similar protests were to ensue in consequent
years , triggered largely by declining standards of
living and rising unemployment .
These were precisely the issues that triggered
the em -ergence of the opposition in Zimbabwe
in 1999, with the Zimbabwe Congress of Tr -ade
Unions ( ZCTU ) secretary -general , Morgan
Tsvangirai , now Prime Minister of the inclusive
government , emerging the favourite to le- ad
efforts to unseat the inc- umbent government of
Pre -sident Mugabe from power.
But , just th -en, the contentious issue of land
ownership emerged , and ZANU-PF , whose
leadership had always lured voters on the back
of promises to re -distribute land to landless bla –
cks , seized on that issue to win back support
and fend off the threat posed by the opposition .
Unsettled white farmers began bank- rolling the
M-DC formation led by Tsvan -girai , and the
international community — the USA , the EU ,
Australia, New Zealand and a few others outside
the EU block – jumped into the MDC’ s corner.
But that only served to make the MDC’ s struggle
for power a racial affair : President Mugabe
charged that the condemnation of his
government was an issue of “ kith and kin” — the
British , who led the campaign against ZANU-PF
and President Mugabe , were angry with his
government for taking away land from the
whites .
The US first targeted Zimbabwe in 2001 after
the controversial land reform programme that
saw thousands of white -owned farms invaded
and occupied.
The Zimbabwe Dem – ocracy and Economic
Recovery Act ( ZIDERA ) directed that the US
government should oppose the granting of any
loan or financial assistance to Zimbabwe.
President George Bush then expanded the
sanctions by declaring a national emergency to
deal with the Zimbabwean threat in 2003 .
Meanwhile , the opposition ’ s cup ran over, with
massive financial packages from the West –
President Mugabe had to be removed from
power , and the only viable option was the
emergence of Prime Minister Tsvangirai and his
MDC party which they bankrolled with reckless
abandon . Today , senior activists within the MDC
can be counted among US dollar multi –
millionaires through this money , yet village
activists maimed for the struggle against ZANU-
PF have been neglected, in fact shunned by a
party whose struggle has massively enriched a
So , while the economy had already been on a
downward trajectory , and required a miracle to
be salvaged from that course , it was also clearly
the intention of the West to ensure Zimbabwe
was isolated in order to undermine President
Mugabe ’ s government and buttress a surging
opposition through economic sanctions .
Although denying that there were economic
sanctions in place , Prime Minister Tsvangirai,
however , noted that “ the issue of restrictive
measures” was a form of economic “ isolation
( that ) has affected the lines of credit ” into the
country .
Which , put in other words , essentially means
sanctions on President Mugabe and his cabal of
associates were not necessarily smart or
targeted but general economic sanctions which
were meant to have a bearing on the economic
performance .
How does banning individuals of a detested
government from travelling to the EU or the US
achieve democratic reforms unless those
individuals ’ lives depended on visiting those
countries ? The truth is it is Zimbabwe ’ s economy
that depends to a significant extent on financial
interaction with the EU block and the US , rather
than President Mugabe and members of his
government . Besides, the squeeze on
companies targeted under the regime of
sanctions for allegedly propping President
Mugabe ’ s former government have hundreds of
employees dependent on them , and also
interact with many other economic players for
the growth of the Zimbabwean economy . The
management of Zimbabwe’ s economy had
indeed an effect on Zimbabwe ’ s credit
worthiness , but ZIDERA and other sanction
measures gave a cue to financial institutions on
how they had to deal with even private sector
players in the crisis- torn economy.
Yet even without ZIDERA, Zimbabwe had
become unqualified to access balance of
payments support from the IMF because of
protracted arrears.
A US embassy spokesperson in Zimbabwe
indicated in a recent response to an article by
The Financial Gazette that ZIDERA , signed into
law in 2001 , and provisions contained in
subsequent appropriations acts , restricted the
ability of the United States to cast its vote in
support of assistance to Zimbabwe in
international financial institutions ( IFI ’ s) , except
for programmes that meet basic human needs
or promote democracy .
But indeed Zimbabwe was already ineligible for
multilateral loans before ZIDERA due to its
arrears to the IFIs . But ZIDERA made it a law
that the US did not have to support financial
support that could result in a positive turn to
Zimbabwe’ s struggling economy under President
Mugabe ’ s regime .
To many watchers, ZIDERA and indeed other
forms of sanctions against President Mugabe
and his allies are not an obstacle to Zimbabwe’ s
economic recovery , as observed by the recovery
experienced over the past two years . Yet their
removal is indeed an integral part of the GPA,
and indeed full implementation of that political
agreement also includes removal of sanctions .
“ The United States advocates full
implementation of the Global Political
Agreement , an accord brokered by SADC and
signed by each of the three parties represented
in the transitional government , and the holding
of free and fair elections that will reflect the will
of the majority of Zimbabweans ,” the embassy
spokesperson had noted in the statement to this
newspaper .
The spirit of any democratic system is that
political power should be vested in the people,
and if the US , the EU and their allies are sincere
about building a democratic Zimbabwe free of
exogenous influences , they must remove the
sanctions to give the contending political players
equal chances on the ballot .
This is not to say violence , electoral fraud or
human rights abuses from any of the
contending forces should be condoned ; but , it is
certainly not the reason why the US , the EU and
their allies have kept sanctions against President
Mugabe and so-called members of his inner
circle .
The West has stuck to regimes whose leaders
won power through fraudulent elections . Until
the recent protests that triggered the flight of
Hosni Mubarak from power in Egypt , that Arab
country was the single largest recipient of
financial support from the US .
There West has done business with despotic
regimes across the globe , including China ,
whose prominent dissident , Liu Xiaobo, a jailed
Chinese rights activist , won the 2010 Nobel
Peace prize last year , as well as the Equatorial
Guinea or Gabon whose violation of human
rights is equally detestable . Muammar Gaddafi
was until the recent protests viewed as a
“ rehabilitated dictator” after he had agreed
access to Libya ’ s oil resources to the west.
So , even if the sanctions on Zimbabwe might be
a token of apprehension by the West over
Zimbabwe’ s human rights record, they risk being
deduced in racial terms because of the
inconsistent application of that measure by the
West .
This is why regional leaders , including South
Africa’ s President Jacob Zuma , have urged their
withdrawal and patently shown sympathy to
President Mugabe because of the perception
that he is a victim .
To allow for meaningful reforms , these
sanctions have to go and the political gladiators
have to then agree to meaningfully level the
political playing field .

Dumisani Ndlela , Deputy Editor – in- Chief
Friday , 04 March 2011 12 : 56

The United States ambassador to Zimbabwe,
Charles Ray , has poured cold water on President
Robert Mugabe ’ s anti -sanctions drive saying the
campaign will not have any significance if
people remained suppressed .
On Wednesday President Mugabe officially
launched his Zanu PF party ’ s anti – sanctions
campaign , blasting the US , United Kingdom and
their allies for imposing sanctions against him
and his inner circle to effect regime change .
The 87 -year old veteran leader said the
sanctions were a form of violence which had
hurt the economy and impoverished
In retaliation , he threatened to seize companies
linked to countries that have maintained
sanctions on Zimbabwe.
President Mugabe and his lieutenants signed an
anti -sanctions petition .
But Ray said the petition was a “ wretched thing ”
when only one section of the population was
allowed to demonstrate .
“ Petitions are great things ,” said Ray in a
statement .
“ On any given day , thousands of petitions are
circulating in the US . But a petition becomes a
wretched thing when only one section of the
population is allowed the right to express its
views publicly , while others seeking the right to
assemble , petition , and demonstrate are
arrested and tortured. ”
Ray said Zimbabwe’ s current political and
economic environment , including fresh threats
from the President on his birthday to take over
established companies , had a chilling effect on
new investment , both domestic and
international .
“ Banks and other businesses are responsible to
their shareholders , and find it increasingly
difficult to justify investing in such a high risk
environment . Only economic stabilisation and
political sanity will change this , ” Ray said .
“ For more than 10 years , Zimbabwe has been
ineligible to receive any type of international
loan , regardless of US and EU opinions, due to
its leaders ’ failure to make payments on its
debt . Zimbabwe’ s unpaid debts to the African
Development Bank , IMF , and World Bank put a
stop to lending long before there were
sanctions . ”
Ray said restrictive measures imposed on
Zimbabwean leaders did “ not hurt other
Zimbabweans. What hurts the rest of the
country is the corruption , mismanagement , and
lack of social investment that has brought
development to a standstill ” .

18 : 35

HARARE – A SENIOR member from the
Government of Namibia says his government
will also sign a petition calling for the removal of
sanctions against President Robert Mugabe and
his cronies .
The official who represented the South West
African People’s Organisation ( SWAPO ) , said this
at a rally organised by Zanu PF for President
Mugabe asking the West to remove the targeted
measures against Mugabe and his cronies . He
said he had been given the mandate by his
” Namibia will start a solidarity campaign in
support of President Mugabe and his
government,” the official said .
” We supported Zimbabwe and Zimbabwe
supported us even during the days of the
struggle . “
The official then signed the petition in Harare
after the four hour rally making him the first
official from neighbouring countries to do so .
More than 3 000 mainly Zanu PF members
attended the rally addressed by President
Mugabe and several officials including from the
Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries ( CZI ) , the
Zimbabwe Commercial Farmers Union ( ZCFU ) ,
Apostolic Faith, the Zimbabwe Chiefs Council
and student activists.
They all threw their weight solidly behind
President Mugabe who recently turned 87 .
At the rally, President Mugabe said he would
continue his crusade against the West despite
the fact that Zimbabwe is being isolated and not
receiving balance of support from international
He said Zimbabwe was no longer a colony and
would go it alone if it demands that .
Meanwhile , Zanu PF Chairman , Simon Khaya
Moyo, former Zimbabwe Ambassador to South
Africa, shocked the rally when he told them that
since it had ” rained” it meant the ” God has
blessed His Excellency ” .
Moyo, dressed in Zanu PF regalia , then went on
to sing praises about the President much to the
surprise of the impatient crowd while giving his
” Vote of Thanks ” .

Written by Ngoni Chanakira
Thursday , 03 March 2011 07 : 00

Zanu PF apologists Wednesday fell over each
other to hero-worship President Robert
Chief among them was Media , Information and
Publicity minister , Webster Shamu , who said the
President was feared the world over because of
his intelligence and was like Cremora .
“ Gushungo , people say you have Cremora , the
whole body . The war the world over, President
is about you. They fear you and that is why they
are doing all this ,” Shamu said .
“ There is no president the world over who has
degrees like President Mugabe . He is brainy and
that ’ s why he is feared . You fought the
liberation struggle for a long time and you
should also rule for as long as you want. ”
Party chairman Simon Khaya Moyo weighed in
with his nicely -choreographed oration ,
describing the 87 -year – old leader as a liberator
of unparalleled proportions “ who God should
keep for a long time to rule Zimbabwe” .
“ His Excellency you are a liberator of unparallel
audacity . You are a useful and amazing leader
and we pray to God to make you stronger and
continue to lead us from the front, ” he said .
Sect leaders also stunned thousands of people
force- marched to the anti -sanctions launch by
openly declaring their allegiance and undying
support for the former ruling Zanu PF .
“ I am a member of Zanu PF party ,” said Paul
Mwazha, leader of an Apostolic sect.
Mwazha said the imposition of sanctions on
Zimbabwe proved the West was anti -Christ.
“ If they were for God , they would not have
imposed sanctions on us . Africa forward , never
backward,” he chanted .
Trevor Manhanga , bishop of Pentecostal
Assemblies of Zimbabwe chanted slogans
denouncing sanctions saying it was time for
people to act and not pretend it was business as
usual .
Not to be outdone was Namibian Minister of
Regional and Local Government Jerry Ekandj,
who said his country would also launch the
same campaign and vowed they would never
forgive the West if they continued attacking
President Mugabe .
“ An injury to Zimbabwe is an injury to Namibia .
We can also impose sanctions on them if they
take our land ,” he said.
Vice President John Nkomo told President
Mugabe that people who were force -marched
from all suburbs in Harare voluntarily attended
the event .
However , Zanu PF youths had ordered people
from Mbare , Mabvuku , Chitungwiza and other
townships to close their businesses and attend
the anti -sanctions launch .
“ Some people who were supposed to be with
you President and are signatories to the GPA but
they chose not to come. It seems they are pro –
sanctions .
Thousands of people you see here today
President were not forced to attend this event .
We never sent a commissar around but they got
the messages and they are here ,” he said .
“ This is a declaration of war by every means .
This marks the beginning of massive
mobilisation to dislodge sanctions . The
sanctions issue is a non- partisan issue
exclusively captured in the GPA.
We cannot continue to play politics . ”
President of the Chiefs Council Fortune
Charumbira also showered President Mugabe
with praises declaring his allegiance to Zanu PF .

19 : 40

HARARE , Zimbabwe – – Thousands of supporters
of President Robert Mugabe’ s party are
launching a petition against Western economic
sanctions targeting his supporters.
Trucks and buses carrying Mugabe supporters
arrived Wednesday at open field on the edge of
the city center as a volatile mood mounted . The
supporters sang slogans and raised Mugabe ‘s
trademark clenched fist salute ; there were no
immediate reports of violence .
Mugabe, who is scheduled to address the rally ,
insists the sanctions have destroyed Zimbabwe’s
economy. Critics, though , blame his land
distribution program for crippling the country ‘ s
agriculture industry.
The sanctions include visa bans and asset
freezes on Mugabe and his party leaders .
Mugabe has been in power since Zimbabwe’s
independence 30 years ago.

The Associated Press
Wednesday , March 2 , 2011; 4: 54 AM

HARARE – President Robert Mugabe may
have attempted to use Swaziland to bust
an international arms embargo by asking the
small kingdom nation to clandestinely buy
weapons from a British firm in 2008, it has
emerged .
The bid to evade an European Union arms
embargo on Harare was thwarted by British
authorities who blocked the purchase of US $ 60
million worth of military equipment by
Swaziland because of strong suspicions that the
small kingdom was acting as an intermediary for
Harare , according to a diplomatic cable released
last week by whistleblower website WikiLeaks.
The cable , written by former British ambassador
to Swaziland Maurice Parker , said that in
December 2008 the government of the
Kingdom of Swaziland ( GKOS ) sought to
purchase approximately US $60 million worth of
military equipment , including helicopters ,
vehicles , weapons and ammunition from a
British arms manufacturer .
“ The British government denied the request over
end – use concerns ,” Parker allegedly wrote.
In documents requesting permission to
purchase the equipment , Swaziland ‘ s Ministry of
Defence stated that the equipment was for use
by the country ’ s defence forces on United
Nations peacekeeping deployment in Africa.
Parker said permission was denied because it
was unclear whether the weapons were
intended for UN peacekeeping purposes or
whether Swaziland was “ possibly acting as an
intermediary for a third party ” .
“ The GKOS may have been attempting to build
up domestic capability to deal with unrest , or
was possibly acting as an intermediary for a
third party such as Zimbabwe or a Middle
Eastern country that had cash , diamonds or
goods to trade ,” the cable said.
The alleged purchase request came just months
after southern African human rights groups
stopped a Chinese ship laden with arms
destined for the Zimbabwean army from
docking at ports in the region.
Swaziland ’ s King Mswati III is one of Mugabe ’ s
closest regional allies and was chairman of the
security troika of the Southern African
Development Community .
Zimbabwe is subject to a Western arms
embargo which is part of a raft of punitive
measures imposed on Mugabe and senior
members of his ruling elite by the European
Union , United States , New Zealand and Australia
for their alleged role in human rights abuses .
The cable said the Swazi arms purchases were
blocked after suspicions that the array of
weapons requested would not be needed for
the first phases of peacekeeping .
The purchase application included requests for
three Bell Model UH-1 H helicopters, FN Herstal
light machine guns , armoured personnel
carriers , command and control vehicles
including one fitted with heavy machine gun ,
military ambulances , armoured repair and
recovery vehicles , military image intensifier
equipment and optical target surveillance
equipment .

by Own Correspondent