Archive for the ‘EU’ Category

JOHANNESBURG – To show how the party led
by President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe uses
brute force against its opponents, Elton
Mangoma , a cabinet minister in the country ‘s
troubled power -sharing government, rolled up
a pant leg during a recent interview at his
home to reveal scars from a 2007 police
beating that he said shattered his kneecap.
” If South Africa, the African Union and the
international community fold their arms , then
Zimbabwe can descend into chaos, ” warned
Mr . Mangoma , a leader in the Movement for
Democratic Change, or M. D . C . , the party that
fought Mr . Mugabe ‘s rule for a decade before
regional leaders pressured it into governing
with him for the past two years .
On Thursday , the police came again for Mr .
Mangoma , the minister of energy and power
development, who now stands accused of
criminal abuse of office in a deal to procure
fuel – charges he denied through his lawyer.
Also on Thursday , Zimbabwe’s Supreme Court –
viewed by many as partial to Mr . Mugabe, 87 –
invalidated the 2008 election of a speaker of
Parliament from the Movement for Democratic
The day ‘s events provided yet more evidence of
Zimbabwe’s rapidly deteriorating political
situation .
” The fact of the matter is that Zimbabwe is in a
crisis ,” Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai ,
leader of the Movement for Democratic
Change, said in a statement on Thursday .
Mr . Tsvangirai , who in March 2007 was badly
beaten at the same police station where Mr .
Mangoma said he was beaten , cited signs of
what he called a campaign by Mr . Mugabe’ s
party, ZANU-PF , to ” promote chaos and fear in
the country ” : 73 meetings of the M. D . C .
banned or disrupted by the police in recent
weeks; assaults on Mr . Tsvangirai ‘s supporters
in the slums of the capital, Harare , and in the
countryside; a propaganda onslaught against
him and his party in the state- controlled media ;
and the arrest and jailing of M. D. C . leaders and
activists opposed to Mr . Mugabe ‘s 31 -year rule.
Mr . Tsvangirai , who won more votes than Mr .
Mugabe in a March 2008 general election but
withdrew before a June runoff after widespread
attacks on his supporters , contended that
members of his party were being hounded by a
police force and criminal justice system
controlled by Mr . Mugabe .
” But ZANU-PF cadres and securocrats who
murdered people in the run-up to the 27 June
election are roaming free, ” Mr . Tsvangirai said .
He said Mr . Mangoma and six activists accused
of treason after watching videos of the
uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia were ” innocent
victims of a barbaric and senseless
dictatorship . “
Mr . Mugabe ‘s supporters said that the activists
were plotting to overthrow him. Jonathan
Moyo, a member of ZANU- PF ‘s Politburo , wrote
in the Feb . 27 Sunday Mail , a state-controlled
newspaper, that with the uprisings in North
Africa, ” no doubt vigilance has become the
order of the day all around .
” Only God knows why these hopeless copycats,
whose death wish is to be arrested at the
Harare Gardens and be charged with treason in
accordance with the rule of law they love
preaching about, honestly think they can do an
Egypt or Libya in Zimbabwe,” Mr . Moyo wrote.
ZANU-PF ‘ s crackdown seems driven by anxiety
about revolutions against autocratic rulers
sweeping North Africa and the Middle East , as
well as by the party’ s own push for elections
this year – elections that leaders of the
Movement for Democratic Change have warned
could lead to another violent and discredited
election .
In interviews in recent days , spokesmen for
both Mr . Mugabe and his party have said that
the elections must happen this year .
But South Africa, tasked by regional leaders
with brokering Zimbabwe’ s power- sharing deal ,
is pushing back against Mr . Mugabe ‘s rush to
the polls with unusual vigor that marks a
surprising break with its long and much
criticized ” quiet diplomacy ” in responding to its
neighbor ‘ s decade -long economic and political
In a statement on March 1 , Marius Fransman ,
the deputy minister in South Africa’s
Department of International Relations and
Cooperation, said South Africa and the region
took the position that any election held before
Zimbabweans adopted a new constitution
through a referendum would violate the power –
sharing agreement .
Told that ZANU-PF officials had said there
would be an election this year , Lindiwe Zulu , a
special adviser to South Africa’s president ,
Jacob Zuma , said in a recent interview that
pulling one off that soon would take a miracle .
And on a recent visit to Zimbabwe, Ms. Zulu
said , Mr . Zuma ‘s team plainly voiced concern
about a recurrence of violence and
intimidation .
” If they are going to have an election by
October , they would have to do a 360-degree
turnaround at high speed, ” she said .
Even more forceful comments came from
South Africa’ s deputy president , Kgalema
Motlanthe, who acknowledged the harsh
realities confronting his own country , where
more than a third of working – age people are
jobless and often resent the estimated two
million Zimbabweans who have settled here to
escape their devastated homeland .
Mr . Motlanthe called for the next Zimbabwean
elections to be a watershed in the country ‘s
history, free of violence and observed by
international monitors from the region and
Europe, his spokesman , Thabo Masebe,
confirmed .
” It is the will of the Zimbabwean people which
must determine the future of Zimbabwe as a
country , and it is in our interest as a country
that indeed we proceed in that direction ,” Mr .
Motlanthe said last week. ” Because if we fail
and Zimbabwe implodes , literally the border
between Zimbabwe will disappear and we will
sit with all the problems. “

Published: March 11 , 2011

HARARE – Zanu ( PF ) is currently abusing the
government with adverts in newspapers and on
the state radio attacking the so -called sanctions
and people in the country who do no ascribe to
their views , the United States Ambassador to
Zimbabwe Charles Ray said .
Since the launch of the so -called anti -sanctions
campaign, Zanu ( PF ) has been running full
length adverts in the state media with a
government insignia .
” It is very disappointing to see full page ads
from the Zanu ( PF ) Information Department
under the heading ‘Government of Zimbabwe’
and adorned with the great Zimbabwean coat of
arms . Zanu ( PF ) is a political party , which does
not speak for the government of this great
country . Additionally , Zanu ( PF ) , which is part of
the government, has its own symbol that is
quite distinct from the Zimbabwean coat of
arms , ” said Ray .
The former ruling party last week formed an
anti -sanctions committee that is chaired by Vice
President John Nkomo. However , other
members in the Inclusive Government have
distanced themselves from the sham describing
it as a Zanu ( PF ) project .
Acting President Nkomo said in a statement that
thousands of people who were forced to attend
the anti -sanctions launch demonstrated that
they were against sanctions .
” This exceptional support was an emphatic
statement to Britain, the European Union ,
America and to all those interests which have
slapped sanctions against the people of
Zimbabwe,” said Nkomo.
In reality there are no sanctions on the people
of Zimbabwe, but rather targeted measures on
a few individuals . USA, America and Britain in
particular have played a significant role in
extending aid to the people of Zimbabwe.
Many people in both rural and urban
communities have benefited significantly from
USAID and other western donors . Yet Zanu ( PF )
says that sanctions are ” an attack on all
Zimbabweans. “
The United States dispelled the anti -sanctions
rhetoric as unfounded.
Said Ray , ” the ZANU-PF Information
Department is using misinformation and
completely unrelated facts to mislead the
public . The facts are:
1. For more than ten years , Zimbabwe has been
ineligible to receive any type of international
loan , regardless of U . S . and EU opinions, due to
its leaders ‘ failure to make payments on its
debt . Zimbabwe ‘s unpaid debts to the African
Development Bank , IMF , and World Bank put a
stop to lending long before there were
sanctions .
2. Zimbabwe’s current political and economic
environment , including fresh threats from the
President on his birthday to take over
established companies , has a chilling effect on
new investment , both domestic and
international. Banks and other businesses are
responsible to their share holders , and find it
increasingly difficult to justify investing in such a
high risk environment . Only economic
and political sanity will change this .
3. Fewer than 120 Zimbabweans are named on
the legal U . S . sanctions list , almost all of them
Zanu ( PF ) leaders who had a hand in political
violence against their fellow citizens. They may
not travel to the U . S . or do business with U . S .
companies because Americans do not want
them to enjoy the fruits of their corruption on
our soil . This does not hurt other
Zimbabweans. What hurts the rest of the
country is the corruption , mismanagement , and
lack of social investment that has brought
development to a standstill.
The former ruling party has exclusive control of
the state media and abuses it to attack
Mugabe’ s political rivals .

Written by Munyaradzi Dube
Tuesday , 08 March 2011 17 : 41

If there is something that has been nagging at
Zimbabwe’ s politics for the past decade , it is the
issue of sanctions , and yesterday , ZANU PF
whose business has been declared to be the
protection of the country ’ s sovereignty and
independence , unleashed its campaign
machinery tow -ards mobilising against the
sanctions . It is an issue that has dogged the
inclusive government since its inception in
February 2009 . The MDC party formation led by
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai has insisted
the sanctions are mere “ restrictions ” , but Dep-
uty Prime Minister Arthur Mutambara , the
former leader of another MDC formation, has
loudly condemned the sanctions , which the
West argue are targeted against President
Robert Mugabe and members of his inner circle .
“ There is no economic sanctions regime in this
country , there are restrictive measures,” Prime
Minister Tsvangirai told a public accountability
seminar orga – nised by the Media Institute of
Southern Africa ( MISA ) and the Centre for
Public Accountability ( CPA ) last year , adding:
“ We have agreed as principals to tackle the issue
of restrictive measures as this isolation has
affected the lines of credit . ”
But President Mugabe and his ZANU PF party
insist that the sanctions are not targeted but
were rather put in place to accelerate Zimba –
bwe ’ s economic collapse in order to undermine
his government under what ZANU-PF describes
as “ the regime change agenda” .
ZANU-PF began mobilising support for two
million signatures to accompany a petition
against the sanctions by the EU and the US
government yesterday at an event where
President Mugabe was the chief guest. Prime
Minister Tsvangirai and Deputy Prime Minister
Mutambara had been invited to the occasion,
but reports indicate that they snubbed the
event .
In a campaign advertisement, ZANU-PF
highlighted that Article 1 V of the global political
agreement ( GPA ) , the instrument that facilitated
the creation of the inclusive government, had
bound all three political parties in the inclusive
government to fight “ illegal sanctions impo- sed
on the Zimbabwean people by the United
Kingdom , the Europ- ean Union , United States of
Ame- rica and international financial institutions
like the IMF and the World Bank ” .
“ This article of the GPA attests to the direct
connection between these illegal sanctions and
the decline in the Zimbabwean economy; the
non-availability of lines of credit to Zimbabwe;
the negative international perception of
Zimbabwe; and the fall in the standards of living
of the Zimbabwean people, ” read the ZANU-PF
campaign banner .
“ Sanctions do kill! Sign against them , act against
them !” charged ZANU- PF .
Recently , business has come out in support of
measures to withdraw the sanctions , arguing
these had become an unbearable cost to
business and the economy .
It is indeed true that sanctions have been a
factor in Zimbabwe’ s economic de- cline that
ended with formation of the inclusive
government in 2009 , but they were certainly not
the major reason for the sharp decline. With the
economic crisis emerged a sharp decline in
living standards .
For many years , and as most economists and
economic journalists will confirm , the critical
economic story was government’ s budget
deficits which were largely accrued to finance
recurrent expenditure .
There was very little for capital projects , key to
the development of an economy and job
creation .
An economic adjustment programme backed by
the IMF in the early 1990 s had only worsened
the situation . Its intentions had been noble:
There was need for belt tightening as well as
austere measures by government to grow the
economy . But government panicked at the first
signs of upheaval; austere measures meant the
erosion of so -called social safety nets , and free
health care for the poor . As a result, these
reforms were abandoned , and government
argued they had been inappropriate for the
domestic economy.
But the decline in the economy became gradual;
rising commodity prices stoked spontaneous
protects in Harare ’ s urban areas after bread
prices went up in 1998.
Similar protests were to ensue in consequent
years , triggered largely by declining standards of
living and rising unemployment .
These were precisely the issues that triggered
the em -ergence of the opposition in Zimbabwe
in 1999, with the Zimbabwe Congress of Tr -ade
Unions ( ZCTU ) secretary -general , Morgan
Tsvangirai , now Prime Minister of the inclusive
government , emerging the favourite to le- ad
efforts to unseat the inc- umbent government of
Pre -sident Mugabe from power.
But , just th -en, the contentious issue of land
ownership emerged , and ZANU-PF , whose
leadership had always lured voters on the back
of promises to re -distribute land to landless bla –
cks , seized on that issue to win back support
and fend off the threat posed by the opposition .
Unsettled white farmers began bank- rolling the
M-DC formation led by Tsvan -girai , and the
international community — the USA , the EU ,
Australia, New Zealand and a few others outside
the EU block – jumped into the MDC’ s corner.
But that only served to make the MDC’ s struggle
for power a racial affair : President Mugabe
charged that the condemnation of his
government was an issue of “ kith and kin” — the
British , who led the campaign against ZANU-PF
and President Mugabe , were angry with his
government for taking away land from the
whites .
The US first targeted Zimbabwe in 2001 after
the controversial land reform programme that
saw thousands of white -owned farms invaded
and occupied.
The Zimbabwe Dem – ocracy and Economic
Recovery Act ( ZIDERA ) directed that the US
government should oppose the granting of any
loan or financial assistance to Zimbabwe.
President George Bush then expanded the
sanctions by declaring a national emergency to
deal with the Zimbabwean threat in 2003 .
Meanwhile , the opposition ’ s cup ran over, with
massive financial packages from the West –
President Mugabe had to be removed from
power , and the only viable option was the
emergence of Prime Minister Tsvangirai and his
MDC party which they bankrolled with reckless
abandon . Today , senior activists within the MDC
can be counted among US dollar multi –
millionaires through this money , yet village
activists maimed for the struggle against ZANU-
PF have been neglected, in fact shunned by a
party whose struggle has massively enriched a
So , while the economy had already been on a
downward trajectory , and required a miracle to
be salvaged from that course , it was also clearly
the intention of the West to ensure Zimbabwe
was isolated in order to undermine President
Mugabe ’ s government and buttress a surging
opposition through economic sanctions .
Although denying that there were economic
sanctions in place , Prime Minister Tsvangirai,
however , noted that “ the issue of restrictive
measures” was a form of economic “ isolation
( that ) has affected the lines of credit ” into the
country .
Which , put in other words , essentially means
sanctions on President Mugabe and his cabal of
associates were not necessarily smart or
targeted but general economic sanctions which
were meant to have a bearing on the economic
performance .
How does banning individuals of a detested
government from travelling to the EU or the US
achieve democratic reforms unless those
individuals ’ lives depended on visiting those
countries ? The truth is it is Zimbabwe ’ s economy
that depends to a significant extent on financial
interaction with the EU block and the US , rather
than President Mugabe and members of his
government . Besides, the squeeze on
companies targeted under the regime of
sanctions for allegedly propping President
Mugabe ’ s former government have hundreds of
employees dependent on them , and also
interact with many other economic players for
the growth of the Zimbabwean economy . The
management of Zimbabwe’ s economy had
indeed an effect on Zimbabwe ’ s credit
worthiness , but ZIDERA and other sanction
measures gave a cue to financial institutions on
how they had to deal with even private sector
players in the crisis- torn economy.
Yet even without ZIDERA, Zimbabwe had
become unqualified to access balance of
payments support from the IMF because of
protracted arrears.
A US embassy spokesperson in Zimbabwe
indicated in a recent response to an article by
The Financial Gazette that ZIDERA , signed into
law in 2001 , and provisions contained in
subsequent appropriations acts , restricted the
ability of the United States to cast its vote in
support of assistance to Zimbabwe in
international financial institutions ( IFI ’ s) , except
for programmes that meet basic human needs
or promote democracy .
But indeed Zimbabwe was already ineligible for
multilateral loans before ZIDERA due to its
arrears to the IFIs . But ZIDERA made it a law
that the US did not have to support financial
support that could result in a positive turn to
Zimbabwe’ s struggling economy under President
Mugabe ’ s regime .
To many watchers, ZIDERA and indeed other
forms of sanctions against President Mugabe
and his allies are not an obstacle to Zimbabwe’ s
economic recovery , as observed by the recovery
experienced over the past two years . Yet their
removal is indeed an integral part of the GPA,
and indeed full implementation of that political
agreement also includes removal of sanctions .
“ The United States advocates full
implementation of the Global Political
Agreement , an accord brokered by SADC and
signed by each of the three parties represented
in the transitional government , and the holding
of free and fair elections that will reflect the will
of the majority of Zimbabweans ,” the embassy
spokesperson had noted in the statement to this
newspaper .
The spirit of any democratic system is that
political power should be vested in the people,
and if the US , the EU and their allies are sincere
about building a democratic Zimbabwe free of
exogenous influences , they must remove the
sanctions to give the contending political players
equal chances on the ballot .
This is not to say violence , electoral fraud or
human rights abuses from any of the
contending forces should be condoned ; but , it is
certainly not the reason why the US , the EU and
their allies have kept sanctions against President
Mugabe and so-called members of his inner
circle .
The West has stuck to regimes whose leaders
won power through fraudulent elections . Until
the recent protests that triggered the flight of
Hosni Mubarak from power in Egypt , that Arab
country was the single largest recipient of
financial support from the US .
There West has done business with despotic
regimes across the globe , including China ,
whose prominent dissident , Liu Xiaobo, a jailed
Chinese rights activist , won the 2010 Nobel
Peace prize last year , as well as the Equatorial
Guinea or Gabon whose violation of human
rights is equally detestable . Muammar Gaddafi
was until the recent protests viewed as a
“ rehabilitated dictator” after he had agreed
access to Libya ’ s oil resources to the west.
So , even if the sanctions on Zimbabwe might be
a token of apprehension by the West over
Zimbabwe’ s human rights record, they risk being
deduced in racial terms because of the
inconsistent application of that measure by the
West .
This is why regional leaders , including South
Africa’ s President Jacob Zuma , have urged their
withdrawal and patently shown sympathy to
President Mugabe because of the perception
that he is a victim .
To allow for meaningful reforms , these
sanctions have to go and the political gladiators
have to then agree to meaningfully level the
political playing field .

Dumisani Ndlela , Deputy Editor – in- Chief
Friday , 04 March 2011 12 : 56

The European Union on Tuesday lifted targeted
sanctions on 35 members of the Mugabe
regime , who are the subject of travel restrictions
and a freeze on assets . A total of 163 people
and 31 companies remain on the list , including
Robert Mugabe , with the EU citing a
lack of progress towards political reforms and a
recent spike in ZANU PF instigated violence .
The targeted measures were put in place in
response to human rights abuses by the Mugabe
regime . The removal of individuals from the list ,
that takes place at most reviews, is apparently
meant to encourage those on the blacklist to
mend their ways. Emilio Rosetti, the first
secretary of the EU delegation to Zimbabwe,
announced the results of this latest review, but
did not offer any explanation as to why they de-
listed the selected individuals .
It was left to the media to try to make sense of
the reasons for delisting . The more obvious were
Mugabe’ s sister Sabina , Police Assistant
Commissioner Thomsen Jangara, former
Mashonaland Central governor Ephraim Masawi
and Thenjiwe Lesabe , who have all passed
Dominating the names of those removed on
Tuesday are the spouses of key regime
members still on the blacklist . According to a
report by Newsday , “ Willia Bonyongwe ,
chairperson of the Securities Commission and
wife of the Central Intelligence Organisation
director- general , Happyton Bonyongwe , Anne
Flora Chairuka , who is married to the
Commander of the Zimbabwe Prison Service,
Paradzai Zimondi and Rudo Grace Charamba,
wife of Presidential spokesman George
Charamba, were removed . ”
Also benefiting from the review were Isobel
Halima, the wife of police chief Augustine
Chihuri , Helen Gono the wife of central bank
Governor Gideon Gono , Tsitsi Chihuri the wife of
State Security Minister Sydney Sekeremayi ,
Choice Parirenyatwa, former Health Minister
David Parirenyatwa ’ s wife , and Patricia Made,
the wife of Agriculture Minister Joseph Made.
A surprising removal was Council of Chiefs
President , Fortune Charumbira , who has been at
the centre of many reports on political violence
and intimidation . It was speculated that his rant
in January last year , blasting the government for
politicizing traditional leaders and demanding
the formation of an independent administration
body to oversee their affairs , might have helped
his cause .
Other notable people removed from the list
include former health minister Timothy Stamps ,
Zimbabwe Cricket Chief Peter Chingoka and
former cabinet minister and veteran nationalist
Victoria Chitepo. Former Attorney General
Sobusa Gula Ndebele, a victim of the power
struggles in ZANU PF , was also removed from
the list , as was victimized former Finance
Minister, Chris Kuruneri .
Geoffrey Van Orden , a Member of the European
Parliament ( MEP) who spearheads their
campaign for freedom and democratic change
in Zimbabwe, welcomed the council’ s decision
to maintain the restrictions on the remaining
163 people and 31 companies .
” While there has been some economic progress
in Zimbabwe, little has changed in the political
situation and democratic rights continue to be
seriously abused . Mugabe and Zanu -PF have
flouted the key terms of the ‘Global Political
Agreement ‘ they signed with Tsvangirai ‘s MDC
party more than 2 years ago. Mugabe has
unilaterally appointed his cronies to key
positions , ” he said .
Van Orden said Mugabe , “ with help from his
security apparatus , still clings on to the levers of
power and manages to trample on the basic
rights of the Zimbabwean people. Journalists
and MDC supporters are still routinely targeted
by Zanu -PF activists . ” He added that until “ there
is real evidence of change , including free
elections and an end to harassment of the
opposition and journalists alike , the EU is right
to keep its measures in place . ”
Several pro -democracy activists who spoke to
SW Radio Africa expressed concern at the timing
of the easing of the measures. Most felt that
with escalating violence in rural and urban areas
more ZANU PF people should have been added
to the list , instead of removing them .
Other activists however felt the easing of the
measures was meant to divide ZANU PF and
encourage regime players to reform . Whatever
the motive for the EU to ease the measures, one
thing for certain is that ZANU PF has still not
shown any intention to stop using violence as a
political tool.

Written by SW Radio Africa
Thursday , 17 February 2011 10 : 23

Zimbabwe’ s government of national unity ( GNU )
was born out of political violence in 2008 , and
analysts see its demise occurring in much the
same way.
The two – year -old unity government was formed
on February 11 , 2009 after two rounds of
violent and disputed elections the year before.
It “ was more like a ceasefire agreement
between belligerent forces and very little has
been achieved under that set-up ” , said Philip
Pasirayi , spokesman for the Crisis in Zimbabwe
Coalition , a grouping of civic organisations .
Although no election has been announced, both
President Robert Mugabe, leader of Zanu PF ,
and Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai, of the
Movement for Democratic Change ( MDC-T ) ,
have created an air of expectation that a
national poll is being planned for 2011 .
“ As expected , following ( President ) Mugabe’ s
call for elections in 2011, the violence
perpetrated by hired Zanu PF hoodlums has
escalated in the past three weeks.
“ This is not at all a result of political protest by
( President ) Mugabe’ s personal party – rather,
this is well -orchestrated destabilisation of the
GNU . . . This will throw the nation back to the
year 2008, ” political analyst John Makumbe
alleged in an article published on February 9 .
“ The party ( MDC-T ) wants elections , but there
has to be an atmosphere existing for free and
fair elections . . . There has to be security of the
person . We are saying ‘ Yes ’ to elections , but
‘ No’ to a bloodbath ,” Tendai Biti, Zimbabwe’ s
Finance minister and also the MDC-T secretary –
general , recently told an international news
agency .
President Mugabe , who has been in power since
independence from Britain in 1980, extended
his tenure after Tsvangirai withdrew from the
second round of the presidential vote in protest
against political violence , but Zanu PF lost its
parliamentary majority in 2008 for the first time
since independence.
Pasirayi said concerns over an election in 2011
had caused the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition to
lobby the recent African Union summit in the
Ethiopian capital , Addis Ababa.
They had approached the African Commission,
one of the guarantors of the unity government,
as well as the regional body , the Southern
African Development Community , “ to impress
upon them that Zimbabwe is not ready for
elections until a lot of reforms have been put in
place ” .
“ The few ( reforms ) that have been put in place ,
like the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission ( ZEC ) ,
have not been adequately resourced to run a
free , fair and credible election. ZEC has said it
needs money to come up with a clean voters ’
roll but the politicians are insisting on fresh
elections ,” Pasirayi said .
“ Our demands are ( also ) that when the
environment for democratic elections is in
place , then they should be supervised by Sadc
and the African Union ,” he said .
A report published in January 2011 by the
Zimbabwe Election Support Network, an
independent monitoring organisation, found
that nearly one -third of the people listed on the
voters’ role were deceased .
The unity government was expected to draft a
new constitution and institute media and
security reforms so that a free and fair election
could be held , but none of these tasks has been
accomplished .
A number of issues remain unresolved and
appear to be intractable. In 2002 the European
Union ( EU ) and the United States imposed
targeted sanctions , including travel bans and
freezing bank accounts , on Zanu PF leaders and
companies linked to President Mugabe for
alleged human rights violations .
Political analyst Gabriel Chaibva said the MDC- T
were “ undermining ” the unity government
process because they had failed to persuade the
EU and US to lift sanctions against the Zanu PF
leadership .
The MDC- T has claimed that the appointments
of Reserve Bank governor Gideon Gono and
attorney -general Johannes Tomana were made
unilaterally by President Mugabe and were in
breach of the Global Political Agreement .
In 2000 , President Mugabe launched the fast-
track land reform programme, which
redistributed more than 4 000 white
commercial farms to landless black
Zimbabweans and sent the economy into a
downward spiral .
In the first quarter of 2009 nearly seven million
Zimbabweans relied on emergency food aid ,
and in 2011 donor agencies estimated that
about 1 ,7 million people would require food
assistance .
Nevertheless , there have been some successes
during the unity government’ s two years in
power, most notably abandoning the Zimbabwe
dollar and introducing a multiple currency
system using US dollars , South African rands,
and Botswana pula , which put an end to
In December 2008 Steve Hanke , professor of
applied economics at Johns Hopkins University
in the US , and senior fellow of the Cato
Institute, a Washington -based think -tank ,
estimated Zimbabwe’ s annual inflation rate at
around 6, 5 quindecillion novemdecillion percent
– a 65 followed by 107 zeros .
Education and schooling have been placed on a
more even keel again , and health infrastructure
has improved , but Pasirayi tempered the belief
that all was well in these sectors.
“ Even on the economic front , little has been
achieved , with the bulk of the civil service
earning around US $ 200 per month when an
average family requires US $500 to meet its
basic requirements ,” he noted.
“ A large portion of the population is going
without electricity , while local authorities are
providing poor services to Zimbabweans . ” – Irin

IRIN | HARARE – Feb 16 2011 18 : 05

35 off sanctions list

Posted: 16/02/2011 in EU, Sanctions

The European Union has lifted travel restrictions
on 35 associates of President Robert Mugabe
but maintained the restrictive measures on the
President and his inner circle for another year .
Those that have received the EU sanctions relief
also had a freeze on their assets lifted .
Emilio Rosetti, the first secretary of the EU
delegation to Zimbabwe, announced the
development in Harare on Tuesday and said
names of those delisted would be released on
Wednesday .
However , diplomatic sources revealed President
Mugabe’ s sister , Sabina , Assistant Commissioner
Thomsen Jangara, former Mashonaland Central
governor Ephraim Masawi and Thenjiwe Lesabe ,
all of whom are deceased , had been removed
from the list .
Also off the sanctions list are spouses of several
Zanu PF and security chiefs, among them Willia
Bonyongwe , chairperson of the Securities
Commission and wife of the Central Intelligence
Organisation director -general , Happyton
Bonyongwe , Anne Flora Chairuka, who is
married to the Commander of the Zimbabwe
Prison Service, Paradzai Zimondi and Rudo
Grace Charamba, wife of Presidential
spokesman George Charamba.
Commissioner General Augustine Chihuri ’ s wife,
Isobel Halima, is also now free to travel to
Europe and so is Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
governor Gideon Gono’ s wife , Helen.
Tsitsi Chihuri , wife of Minister of State Security
in the President ’ s office Sydney Sekeramayi ,
Choice Parirenyatwa , former Health minister
David Parirenyatwa ’ s wife, and Patricia Made,
Agriculture minister Joseph Made’ s spouse , have
also been removed from the list .
Zimbabwe Council of Chiefs president Fortune
Charumbira, former Deputy Minister of Women
Affairs , Gender and Community Development
Abigail Damasane , Peter Chingoka, the president
of Zimbabwe Cricket, Lazarus Dokora the Deputy
Minister of Education , Victoria Chitepo, a
politburo member , Samuel Undenge the Deputy
Minister of Economic Planning and Development
are all off the sanctions list .
Former Attorney General Sobusa Gula Ndebele,
former Mashonaland East governor Ray
Kaukonde , Zanu PF politburo member Kumbirai
Kangai , Aguy Georgias, the Deputy Minister of
Public Works , Theophilus Gambe , the
chairperson of the Electoral Supervisory
Commission, former Finance and Economic
Development minister Chris Kuruneri have also
Deputy Senate president Naison Ndlovu , Zanu
PF politburo members Joshua Malinga , Richard
Ndlovu, George Nyathi , Khantibhal Patel , Selina
Pote , Zvishavane Ngezi MP Obert Matshalaga,
Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Welfare
Tracey Mutinhiri , Melusi Matshiya , the secretary
for Home Affairs , and Timothy Stamps , health
advisor to the President , are also free .
Zimbabwe now has 163 people and 31
businesses which are still linked to human rights
abuses , the undermining of democracy or the
abuse of the rule of law.
The EU said it had noted the significant progress
made in addressing the economic crisis and
improving the delivery of basic social services ,
which the bloc had assisted to the tune of £365
“ However , economic and social developments
have not been matched by equivalent progress
on the political front . Further reforms are
necessary with regard to the respect of rule of
law, human rights and democracy which are
essential in order to create an environment
conducive to the holding of credible elections, ”
said Rosetti.
He was reading from a speech by Catherine
Ashton , the EU foreign policy chief.
“ We have therefore decided to extend by a
period of one year the measures, consisting of
( i) a visa ban and asset freeze relating to a list of
named individuals and businesses; ( ii ) an arms
embargo; and ( iii ) other measures, taken within
the context of Article 96 of the Cotonou
Agreement . ”

Feb 15 2011 19 : 07